Getting pregnant is already exciting and complicated enough. In addition to that, things do not become easier with age. Because from a purely biological point of view, fertility for women decreases from the age of 30 and onwards.
So passing the question to you: Are you already in your 30s and are thinking about whether it is still possible to become pregnant? Many of us regarded it as the “marriage” and “pregnancy” age and in many parts of the world it is almost a scandal if you did not get married before the 30s. But no need to worry. In this pregnancy guide 2020 for 30 years plus, we made a detailed analysis for preganancy and fertility in your 30s.
Pregnancy and Biology
All women are born with at least 1 million eggs at birth. But when you reached the age of your first period it is already in the 300,000 mark.
Eggs that are ready for conception are quite few. This is according to Alan Copperman, M.D., co-director of the Division of Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility at The Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. Even if a woman can ovulate 500 times between the ages of 12 and 52. Not all eggs even at that high rate can be truly viable for pregnancy.
This is also seconded by Professor Joy Harper, Head of the Department of Reproductive Health and Director of the Center for Human Reproduction at the University College London. She said “Eggs aren’t just about quantity – it’s quality, too… Our eggs have 23 pairs of chromosomes, but as our eggs age, these can become muddled. If a fertilized egg’s chromosomes are not compatible with life. It won’t be possible for it to develop into a baby.”
If you are in you early 30s, the rate at which you can bear a child is still high. This still considered as part of the window age for pregnancy.A possibility of a miscarriage rise up to 20%. That is quite alarming. After a year of trying, doctors recommend to see an ob-gyn and consult a physician so that they can identify specific reasons regarding fertility.
Women in their late 30s should not despair. Getting pregnant in our 30s is still possible, according to Kelly Pagidas, M.D., an associate professor at Brown University Medical School and a fertility specialist from the Women & Infants Center for Reproduction and Infertility in Providence, Rhode Island, USA. After 37, the eggs start to decline. Even before 37 you already consulted doctors and have undergone testing. Treatments like Intrauterine insemination and In Vitro fertilization (IVF) are the best option.
Pregnancy and Statistics
Statistics shows that women in their 30s can still be pregnant and a number of women within that age range is successful in delivering a new born.
In a study published by the Statista Research Department (2013) the rate of women in their 30s (30-34 years old) and 35-39 years old) from 1990 to 2009 is increasing compared to the younger age group. In 1990, 12% of women from 30-34 years old are pregnant. By 2009, it increased up to 14%. There is also an increase of pregnancy rate from 6% in 1990 to 8% among women who are 35-39 years old in 2009.. We can attribute this to the socio-economic readiness of these women in their 30s. At this stage they can manage to bear a child easily,
Another study done by the National Center for Health Statistics (2018) confirmed the trend above and suggested that the birth rate in the US last 2017 for the 30-34 year old age groups has the highest rate among all other at 100.3 per 1000 births. 25-29 year olds have 98.0 per 1000 births. The 35-39 age group garnered the 4th place at 52.3 per 1000 births.
Just by looking at these statistics the average range for women to give birth is within the late 20s up to the late 30s. The worldwide trend also speaks on the same note. The available data from the United Nations Population Division’s 2008 World Fertility Data suggessts that even around the world getting pregnant in your 30s is a norm.
Preparing for a 30s Pregnancy
If it is not yet the end for the 30s to conceive a child, then why is it difficult for some women within this age range to even become pregnant? The following must be put into account: (1) BMI, (2) Ovulation, and (3) Rest, Sleep, Exercise.
The BMI or the Body Mass Index. The Body Mass Index accounts how your height and weight affects one’s health. For a pregnant mother, she should be able to monitor her weight as this is the first thing that will significantly change throughout nine months. There are repercussions involve if weight will be left untracked. These are (but not limited to) high blood pressure, blood clots, and diabetes. Below is a recommended weight guide:
- Less than 18.5 = underweight
- 18.5 to 24.9 = healthy weight
- 25 to 29.9 = overweight
- 30 to 39.9 = obese
- 40 = severely obese
There are also a number of apps available that will help you track your BMI. You can start with Calculator.net.
Regular doctor visit. The doctor or any specialist must be able to monitor your health as regular as possible. We already know how delicate the situation is with regards to age and biology which makes seeing your doctor as often as you can is the most practical thing that you should do. All odd body changes and discomforts that you have must be immediately reported. This allows your doctors to find the best solution for you.
Inform your doctors if you have a history of or a preexisting medical condition. Before planning your pregnancy, you should already have cervical screenings for at least the last 3 years. If you think you are at risk, test for sexually transmitted disease (STI) just for precaution. Finally ask your doctors what vaccines you need especially for Rubella. It might be rare but it is a threat for the unborn baby if you might get it. Prevention is better than cure.
Rest, Sleep, Exercise. Ensure that you have the right lifestyle before even planning to get pregnant. If you are someone who enjoyed her vices (drinking, smoking), you need to slowly surrender them before they can cause any problems as you go along your pregnancy. We can’t stress out how good nutrition, 8 hours of sleep and a good environment for you to rest, and frequent exercise routines, are important and essential to every pregnant mother. All the more important if we are already in the crucial stages to conceive a baby. The correct and healthy lifestyle is a game changer for older women.
Age might be a big deal in trying to conceive a child. But being pregnancy is more than age. Our chance of being pregnant matters if we have the right lifestyle. We should ask ourselves: Do I carry the ideal mothering environment in me? What preparations did I do to be able to assure that my womb is conducive for a baby to be born in?