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Pregnancy: A Week by Week Guide

May 1, 2020
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It should be every mothers duty to know and have a guide what happens to their pregnancy week by week. This will help you to create your schedule for your prenatal care.

First Trimester (0 to 3 months)

In the first month of the first trimester the initial stages of pregnancy start. This starts with the fertilization stage. Within 12-24 hours, the egg is fertilized once the sperm cell is able to penetrate it. The next succeeding days this union of cells start dividing to multiple cells slowly traversing the Fallopian tube, entering the uterus, and finally it burrows itself in the linings of the uterus. This phase continues until the third week. The rapid division of the cells, which will become your baby, will develop into a small ball called the blastocyst. The blastocyst will begin to produce the pregnancy hormones Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG). This week, a pregnancy test can already confirm pregnancy. Most of the pregnancy tests detect hCG. 

By the early weeks of the second month of pregnancy, the small ball grows fast and resembles a tadpole. This is when the circulatory starts to form and the tiny heart starts to beat. In the following week nose, mouth and ears are starting to form along with the intestines and the brain. From this week the baby starts to grow two times its size by the end of the third month. In this span of time the following parts of the body take shape: hands and feet, simple neural system, breathing tubes from the throat to the lungs, and the earlobes. In the third month, you can already feel minimal activity in your womb. The baby can already feel if you will stroke or poke your stomach. By the 13th week, your baby’s fingers will already have fingerprints. The veins and other organs are already visible through the skin.

Second Trimester (4 to 6 months)

During the second trimester, the bay’s nervous system is starting to function. While his reproductive organs are now fully developed. Around this time you can know identify the sex of your baby. Expect more activity of the baby like flips and turns in the uterus. The baby starts to use his well-defined fingers like sucking his thumb. His nails and hair and his eyelids, and eyelashes are formed. He is expected to be around 6-inch big and 4 ounce heavy. This is also the time where you need to revisit this week by week pregnancy guide for the coming months.

By the 17th week, muscles start to develop. He can move his joints. Hair starts to grow. From a soft cartilage, it starts to harden and becomes its skeleton. It also must be highlighted that the umbilical cord starts to be stronger and thicker. In the following week, you will be able to feel your baby’s arm and leg movements. It seems he is starting to flex his muscles in preparation  for his coming out. At this time, your baby is as big as a bell pepper. By the 19th week, he can hear your own voice. This is the best time that you should interact with your baby. Sing her songs. Talk to him. 

By the last month of the second trimester, your baby starts to form like a minute newborn. Lips and eyebrows become distinct. Aside from your own voice, the baby can now hear external noise outside the womb. Try to play classical music this time. You might notice that he is jamming in the piano pieces of Chopin or Beethoven. In the 24th week, his body starts to mature enabling him to have a reserve of body fat. At this time, he is already 14 inches long and weighs from 2 to 4 pounds.

Third Trimester (7 to 9 months)

The last trimester is also the most important and the most crucial. Each week’s development is a needed part of the process to ensure the delivery’s success by the ninth month. We should ensure that the baby will be able to pass all weeks and as much as possible we should not allow any premature delivery as it may affect the baby’s development. During the last trimester, you also take more frequent body checks in your doctors so that they can monitor your health status as the due date of your birth is fast approaching. There are some reported cases that the pregnant mother went pass her due, even up to the 10th month, and asked to give an induced labor. To avoid complications it is very necessary to coordinate closely to your doctors.

The baby’s eyesight is developing and can already notice streams of light from the outside world.The eyelashes have already grown and he can already blink. The baby’s lungs and muscles are doing its final tests,  getting ready to be born. His head starts to grow. His brain starts to grow as well. By the 32nd week, you start to become heavy by a pound her week; a third of which caused by your baby. By the next few weeks his kidney’s and liver are fully developed. By the 36th week, the baby is already 7 to 19 inches long and weighs from 5 ½ pounds. From here on it starts to gain an ounce of weight a day.

During the last month, you can labor at anytime. Be sure everything has been sorted out ready for the most important and life-changing day in your life.  Your baby’s position tilts to ready for birth: his head is pointing down in your uterus. It is a very uncomfortable feeling. This is the final part of your pregnancy. The baby slowly drops down into your pelvis and prepares for birth. Let’s welcome an angel in your life.

From this week by week pregnancy guide, we can now have enough knowledge on the respective preparations that we need to do.

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